[1]夏子华,赵璐洋,吴伟兵*,等.基于杂多酸的光催化生物质燃料电池性能[J].林业工程学报,2017,2(06):86-91.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2017.06.015]
 XIA Zihua,ZHAO Luyang,WU Weibing*,et al.Performance of photocatalytic biomass fuel cells based on heteropolyacids[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2017,2(06):86-91.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2017.06.015]
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基于杂多酸的光催化生物质燃料电池性能()
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《林业工程学报》[ISSN:1001-8081/CN:32-1160/S]

卷:
2
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
86-91
栏目:
生物质能源与材料
出版日期:
2017-11-17

文章信息/Info

Title:
Performance of photocatalytic biomass fuel cells based on heteropolyacids
文章编号:
2096-1359(2017)06-0086-06
作者:
夏子华1赵璐洋1吴伟兵1*景宜1戴红旗1房桂干2
1.江苏省制浆造纸科学与技术重点实验室,南京林业大学轻工与食品学院,南京 210037;
2.中国林业科学研究院林产化学工业研究所,南京 210042
Author(s):
XIA Zihua1 ZHAO Luyang1 WU Weibing1* JING Yi1 DAI Hongqi1 FANG Guigan2
1.Jiangsu Provincial Key Lab of Pulp & Paper Science & Technology, College of Light Industry Science and Engineering,Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China;
2.Institute of Chemical Industry of Forestry Products,Chinese Academy of Forestry,
关键词:
燃料电池 光催化 杂多酸 葡萄糖 生物质
Keywords:
fuel cell photocatalysis heteropolyacid glucose biomass
分类号:
TK6
DOI:
10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2017.06.015
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
直接将生物质能转化为电能的技术可减少对环境的影响并提高能量转换效率。笔者构建了阴阳两极均为液体杂多酸的光催化剂生物质燃料电池,其中杂多酸既是光催化剂也是储存电子的载体。以葡萄糖为燃料,研究了该电池在不同的燃料浓度、温度和流速条件下的电池性能并对其工作原理进行了分析。研究结果表明:阳极磷钼酸的还原度是决定电池功率的关键因素,随着光照时间的延长磷钼酸的还原度呈线性增加。相同电池运行条件下,随着电池燃料浓度的增加和光催化反应时间的延长,还原度增加,电池输出功率增大; 随着温度及电池液循环流速的增加,电池的输出功率也增加。经“光照充电”后,该电池可在无光照条件下持续工作放电,试验中的电池输出功率为10 mW/cm2以上,最大值达 31.5 mW/cm2。该燃料电池可直接、高效利用生物质能,在新能源领域有较为重要的应用价值。
Abstract:
The technology of directly converting biomass energy into electrical energy is environmental-friendly and can improve the efficiency of energy conversion.A photocatalytic fuel cell with liquid-heteropolyacid as the anode and cathode, glucose as fuel was prepared in this study, in which heteropolyacid was used as both a photocatalyst and charge carrier.The performance and the working principle of the fuel cell under different fuel concentrations, temperatures and flow rates were investigated.Results showed that the reduction degree of anode was the key factor that determined the performance of the prepared fuel cell.There was a linear increase in the reduction degree of heteropolyacid along with the time of irradiation delaying.The output power of the fuel cell increased with the increase of the fuel concentration, photocatalytic reaction time, operation temperature and the flow rate of cell liquid.The fuel cell could generate electricity continuously without light irradiation after the photocatalytic reaction for a period of time.The power densities of the designed fuel cells were higher than 10 mW/cm2, and the maximum density was up to 31.5 mW/cm2.The fuel cell, which can directly and efficiently utilize biomass energy, have important application value in the new energy field.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-04-24 修回日期:2017-06-17
基金项目:江苏省自然科学基金面上项目(NBK20171450); 国家重点研发计划子课题(2017YFD0601005); 江苏省高等学校大学生创新创业训练计划(201610298079Y)。
作者简介:夏子华,男,研究方向为生物质燃料电池。通信作者:吴伟兵,男,副教授。E-mail:wbwu@njfu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-11-15