[1]朱越骅,潘彪䥺Symbolj@@,於朝广,等.中山杉旋切单板质量评价[J].林业工程学报,2019,4(04):47-52.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2019.04.007]
 ZHU Yuehua,PAN Biao*,YU Chaoguang,et al.Quality evaluation of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan' peeled veneer[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2019,4(04):47-52.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2019.04.007]
点击复制

中山杉旋切单板质量评价()
分享到:

《林业工程学报》[ISSN:1001-8081/CN:32-1160/S]

卷:
4
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
47-52
栏目:
木材科学与技术
出版日期:
2019-07-09

文章信息/Info

Title:
Quality evaluation of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan' peeled veneer
文章编号:
2096-1359(2019)04-0047-06
作者:
朱越骅1潘彪1䥺Symbolj@@於朝广2殷云龙2张耀丽1
1.南京林业大学材料科学与工程学院,南京 210037; 2.江苏省中国科学院植物研究所,南京 210014
Author(s):
ZHU Yuehua1 PAN Biao1* YU Chaoguang2 YIN Yunlong2 ZHANG Yaoli1
1.College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China; 2.Insitute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China
关键词:
中山杉单板 3D扫描技术 厚度 背面裂隙 变形
Keywords:
Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan' peeled veneer 3D scanning technology thickness lathe check deformation
分类号:
S784
DOI:
10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2019.04.007
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
中山杉是江苏省中国科学院植物研究所经人工杂交培育出来的优良树种,在使用过程中易干裂、翘曲变形。本研究对中山杉旋切单板的质量进行评价,为中山杉单板类人造板材的开发利用提供依据。测试了单板的厚度偏差、背面裂隙,并用高分辨率三维扫描技术测定了单板的变形程度,研究结果表明:中山杉原木边材部分旋切单板厚度公差为-0.12~+0.15,单板背面裂隙率为49.22%,单板变形程度平均21.18%; 心边材转化部分旋切单板厚度公差为-0.17~+0.17,单板背面裂隙率为53.69%,单板变形程度平均28.20%; 心材近髓心部分旋切单板厚度公差为-0.38~+0.76,单板背面裂隙率为55.85%,单板变形程度平均40.88%; 单板厚度公差、单板背面裂隙率及单板变形程度从小到大依次为边材部分单板、心边材转化部分单板、心材近髓心部分单板。采用无卡轴旋切机旋切出的中山杉单板,其边材至心边材转化部分的旋切单板厚度公差达到LY/T 1599—2011《旋切单板》的要求; 单板背面裂隙率小于人工林杨木单板,满足工业生产需求; 中山杉单板变形程度大于人工林杨木单板; 高分辨率三维扫描技术评价单板变形程度的方法是可行的。
Abstract:
The Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan' was an excellent species cultivated by artificial hybridization in Institute of Botany,Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences.Based on the characteristics of salt-alkali tolerance, rapid growth and good dry shape of Taxodium mucronatum Tenore, the Taxodium interspecific hybridization experiment and rapid-growing salt-alkali tolerance type selection were carried out.Studies on the wood properties of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan' indicated that the average density of wood was small, the wood mechanical strength was low.During the utilization of the Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan' wood, the deformation was large, which was not conducive to the development and utilization of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan'.The quality of veneer directly affects the property and application scope of wood-based veneer panels.The quality of the Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan' peeled veneer was evaluated, which could provide scientific and theoretical basis for the development and utilization of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan' peeled veneers.The logs were cut into veneers, and the veneer thickness was set at 2.00 mm.Some materials during the peeling process were selected respectively, including the sapwood section, the intermediate wood section and the section of the heartwood near piths.Some veneers were cut into several pieces, and then dried naturally to the moisture content of 10%-12%.The thickness deviation and the lathe checks were examined, and the 3D scanning technology was used to measure the deformation of the veneers.The results showed that the thickness deviation of veneers from sapwood was -0.12-+0.15, the lathe checks rate was 49.22%, the average deformation was 21.18%; the thickness deviation of veneer from intermediate wood was -0.17-+0.17, the lathe checks rate was 53.69%, the deformation was 28.20%; the thickness deviation of veneer from heartwood near the piths was -0.38-+0.76, the lathe checks rate was 55.85%, and the average deformation was 40.88%.The thickness deviation, the lathe checks and the deformation of the veneer from small to large were as follows: the part of the sapwood, the part of the intermediate wood, the part of the heartwood near the piths.From sapwood to intermediate wood, the thickness deviation of the Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan' peeled veneer met the requirements for industrial applications.Compared with the poplar veneer in the plantation, the lathe checks rate of the Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan' veneer was smaller, meeting the needs of industrial production.Compared with the traditional measurement method, the method of evaluating theveneer deformation by the 3D scanning technology was intuitively and quickly.

参考文献/References:

[1] WANG Z Q, GU C S, XUAN L, et al.Identification of suitable reference genes in Taxodium ‘Zhongshanshan' under abiotic stresses[J].Trees, 2017, 31(5): 1519-1530.DOI: 10.1007/s00468-017-1566-y.
[2] HUA J F, HAN L W,WANG Z Q, et al.Morpho-anatomical and photosynthetic responses of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan' 406 to prolonged flooding[J].Flora, 2017, 231(6): 29-37.DOI: 10.1016/j.flora.2017.04.007.
[3] SHI Q, YIN Y L, WANG Z Q, et al.Physiological acclimation of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan 118' plants to short-term drought stress and recovery[J].HortScience, 2016, 51(9): 1159-1166.DOI: 10.21273/hortsci10997-16.
[4] 虞华强, 费本华, 赵荣军, 等.中山杉和落羽杉木材解剖性质研究[J].林业科学研究, 2007, 20(2): 213-217.DOI: 10.13275/j.cnki.lykxyj.2007.02.012.
YU H Q, FEI B H, ZHAO R J, et al.Anatomical characteristics of Taxodium ‘Zhongshansa 302' and Taxodium distichum wood[J].Forest Research, 2007, 20(2): 213-217.
[5] 赵荣军, 费本华, 虞华强, 等.中山杉和落羽杉木材物理力学性质比较研究[J].东北林业大学学报, 2007, 35(2): 4-6.DOI: 10.13759/j.cnki.dlxb.2007.02.002.
ZHAO R J, FEI B H,YU H Q, et al.Physical and mechanical properties of Taxodium ‘Zhongshansha 302' and Taxodium distichum wood[J].Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2007, 35(2): 4-6.
[6] 张雪峰, 罗真付, 王翔, 等.中山杉单板防腐处理对胶合板性能的影响[J].林业科技开发, 2012, 26(5): 123-125.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-8101.2012.05.032.
ZHANG X F, LUO Z F, WANG X, et al.Influence of preservative treatment of Taxodium ‘Zhongshansha 302' veneer on plywood properties[J].China Forestry Science and Technology, 2012, 26(5): 123-125.
[7] KOCIERZ R, REBISZ M, ORTYL .Measurement point density and measurement methods in determining the geometric imperfections of shell surfaces[J].Reports on Geodesy and Geoinformatics, 2018, 105(1): 19-28.DOI:10.2478/rgg-2018-0003.
[8] SELVARAJ S, MADHAVAN M.07.19: geometric imperfection measurements on cold-formed steel channels: an approach using 3D non-contact laser scanner[J].Ce/papers, 2017, 1(2/3): 1657-1666.DOI:10.1002/cepa.209.
[9] GOSLIGA R, LINDENBERGH R, PFEIFER N.Deformation analysis of a bored tunnel by means of terrestrial laser scanning[J].Iasprs, 2006, 36(5):167-172.
[10] 李青林, 毛罕平, 李萍萍, 等.基于激光扫描点云数据的植物叶片三维可视化[J].安徽农业科学,2011, 39(32): 20239-20241.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0517-6611.2011.32.217.
LI Q L, MAO H P, LI P P, et al.3-D visualization of cucumber leaf based on point cloud data measured by three-laser scanner[J].Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 2011, 39(32): 20239-20241.
[11] 李伟光, 曹平祥, 王宝金, 等.单板纵向刨切背面裂隙形成及影响因素[J].木材工业, 2010, 24(2): 8-10.DOI: 10.19455/j.mcgy.2010.02.003.
LI W G, CAO P X, WANG B J, et al.Forming and influencing factors of veneer back clearance during longitudinal slicing[J].China Wood Industry, 2010, 24(2): 8-10.
[12] 杨玮娣.基于水影画技法的装饰薄木制备技术研究[D].北京: 中国林业科学研究院, 2016.
YANG W D.Study on the preparation technique of ornamental veneer based on watermark painting craft[D].Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, 2016.
[13] 杨建华, 姚建平, 范磊, 等.单板表面裂缝图像处理方法研究[J].林业机械与木工设备, 2017, 45(4): 29-31.DOI:10.13279/j.cnki.fmwe.2017.0050.
YANG J H, YAO J P, FAN L, et al.Research on veneer surface crack image processing methods[J].Forestry Machinery & Woodworking Equipment, 2017, 45(4): 29-31.
[14] 张新伟, 易克传, 刘向东, 等.玉米自动化考种过程的粘连籽粒图像分割[J].中国农业大学学报, 2018, 23(10): 144-151.DOI:10.11841/j.issn.1007-4333.2018.10.18.
ZHANG X W, YI K C, LIU X D, et al.Image segmentation of adhesive corn seeds during automatic seed test[J].Journal of China Agricultural University, 2018, 23(10): 144-151.
[15] 曾光龙.覆铜板和PCB翘曲度的检测方法[J].印制电路信息, 2006, 14(1): 52-55.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1009-0096.2006.01.016.
ZENG G L.Copper clad laminate and PCB warpage test method[J].Printed Circuit Information, 2006, 14(1): 52-55.
[16] 严晓红, 潘彪, 施建中, 等.海岸防风林中山杉木材生长特性[J].林业科技开发, 2010, 24(6): 72-74.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-8101.2010.06.019.
YAN X H, PAN B, SHI J Z, et al.Research on the wood growth characteristics of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshansha 302' planted for coastal windbreak[J].China Forestry Science and Technology, 2010, 24(6): 72-74.
[17] 张少纯, 朱孝生, 巴兴强, 等.单板旋切厚度均匀性分析及改进措施[J].东北林业大学学报, 1997, 25(2): 75-77.DOI:10.13759/j.cnki.dlxb.1997.02.018.
ZHANG S C, ZHU X S, BA X Q, et al.Analysis of the evenness of venner peeling thickness and improving measures[J].Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 1997, 25(2): 75-77.
[18] 杨霞, 杨雅铃, 高爽.人工林杨木旋切单板背面裂隙率的研究[J].吉林林业科技, 2005, 34(3): 34-36.DOI: 10.16115/j.cnki.issn.1005-7129.2005.03.013.
YANG X, YANG Y L, GAO S.Study on cracking rate in the back of poplar rotary-veneer[J].Jilin Forestry Science and Technology, 2005, 34(3): 34-36.
[19] 郑天爽.减小杉木胶合板翘曲变形措施的探讨[J].西南林学院学报, 2004, 24(1): 78-80.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-1914.2004.01.020.
ZHENG T S.Research on measures of reducing bend and deformation of the plywood made of Cunninghamia lanceolata[J].Journal of Southwest Forestry College, 2004, 24(1): 78-80.
[20] 陈庆龙, 王传贵, 方长华.Ⅰ-69杨旋切单板性能指标的研究[J].安徽农学通报, 2009, 15(3): 132-133.DOI: 10.16377/j.cnki.issn.1007-7731.2009.03.006.
CHEN Q L, WANG C G, FANG C H.Studies onthe veneer features of tension wood of poplar I-69[J].Anhui Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2009, 15(3): 132-133.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-10-15 修回日期:2019-01-27
基金项目:江苏省农业科技自主创新资金项目(CX(16)1005); 中国科学院战略生物资源服务网络计划(kfj-brsn-2018-6-003)。
作者简介:朱越骅,男,研究方向为木材科学。通信作者:潘彪,男,教授。E-mail:pan.biao@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-07-10