[1]冯鑫浩,吴智慧*.家居制品3D打印制造的现状及发展前景[J].林业工程学报,2019,4(06):20-28.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2019.06.003]
 FENG Xinhao,WU Zhihui*.Development and prospect of furnishings manufactured by 3D printing technology[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2019,4(06):20-28.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2019.06.003]
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家居制品3D打印制造的现状及发展前景()
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《林业工程学报》[ISSN:1001-8081/CN:32-1160/S]

卷:
4
期数:
2019年06期
页码:
20-28
栏目:
专论综述
出版日期:
2019-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Development and prospect of furnishings manufactured by 3D printing technology
文章编号:
2096-1359(2019)06-0020-09
作者:
冯鑫浩吴智慧*
南京林业大学家居与工业设计学院,南京 210037
Author(s):
FENG Xinhao WU Zhihui*
College of Furnishings and Industrial Design, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
关键词:
3D打印 家居制品 个性化定制 快速成型 后处理工艺
Keywords:
3D printing furnishings personalized customization rapid prototyping post-treatment
分类号:
TN249; TS664
DOI:
10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2019.06.003
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
3D打印技术作为一种先进制造技术,其在家居制品中的应用为家具制造业的创新发展提供了巨大的源动力。3D打印不仅可以快速制造结构复杂的家具模型或产品,同时3D打印的自由设计理念也为家具设计的创新奠定基础。笔者在概述3D打印技术发展历史及其优缺点的基础上,重点从3D打印整体家具、家具零部件及家具表面装饰等几方面,综述了应用不同原材料进行家居制品3D打印时各自的打印原理和应用现状,简要介绍了熔融沉积成型、选择性激光烧结成型、墨料直写成型、分层实体制造和喷墨打印的成型原理、优缺点,及其在家居制品中的应用情况,同时对打印家居制品的后处理工艺进行总结归纳,为提高打印家居制品的品质提供有效依据。通过综合分析3D打印技术对家居制造业的影响情况,阐明3D打印家居制品的发展趋势,对未来家居制品的绿色环保、节能高效生产和个性化定制具有一定的指导意义。
Abstract:
As an advanced manufacturing technology, 3D printing can not only make products with complex and fine structure, but also fabricate personalized or large-scaled products in accordance with customers' particular needs and conditions.Therefore, the application of 3D printing technology in furnishings provides immense motivation for the innovation of furniture manufacture, design, and maintenance.On the one hand, 3D printing can speedily and efficiently produce the furniture models or products with complex and fine structures.On the other, the characteristic of free design and great molding of 3D printing technology offers a promising foundation for the innovation of furniture design and manufacturing.In this paper, the development history, advantages and disadvantages, and processing principle of 3D printing technology were firstly overviewed.Based on the summarization, the principle of 3D printed whole furniture, furniture parts, and surface decorations of furniture was introduced.The 3D printed furniture from different raw materials, such as plastic, metal, ceramic, and composites, was also presented and the corresponding printing principle and application of different materials in 3D printing was illustrated by giving a printing example to demonstrate the significance of 3D printing technology in furnishings.Furthermore, the molding principles and characters of several 3D printing technologies used in furnishings, such as fused deposition molding, selective laser sintering, direct ink writing, laminated object manufacturing, and ink-jet printing, were introduced.The application situation and development of these technologies applied in furnishings were detailedly described through typical examples.The post-processing of 3D printed furnishings, including post-curing, removing the supports, surface polishing, and surface coloring, was summarized.The post-processing provided an effective basis for improving the quality of 3D printed furnishings.By assessing the influence of 3D printing on the furniture manufacturing, it was concluded that the development trend of 3D printed furnishings would have significant benefits for the environmentally friendly environments, energy efficient production, and personalized furnishings customization.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-11-13 修回日期:2019-01-24 基金项目:“十三五”国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFD0600704)。 作者简介:冯鑫浩,男,博士后,主要从事3D打印材料的研究。通信作者:吴智慧,男,教授。E-mail: wzh550@sina.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-11-10