FENG Guodong,MA Yan,JIA Puyou,et al.Chemical synthesis and application of vegetable oil-based plasticizers[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2020,5(01):18-28.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.201906004]





Chemical synthesis and application of vegetable oil-based plasticizers
1.中国林业科学研究院林产化学工业研究所,生物质化学利用国家工程实验室,江苏省生物质能源与材料重点实验室, 南京 210042; 2.江苏省林业资源高效加工利用协同创新中心,南京 210037
FENG Guodong12 MA Yan1 JIA Puyou1 HU Yun1 HU Lihong1 ZHOU Yonghong12*
of Efficient Processing and Utilization of Forest Resources, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210037, China
植物油脂 增塑剂 PVC 化学改性 精细化学品
vegetable oil plasticizer PVC chemical modification fine chemicals
It is estimated that the global production value of plasticizers will exceed $19.5 billion by 2020, in which, 90% will be used in polyvinyl chloride(PVC)products. However, there are many problems in petroleum-based plasticizers, in particular, phthalate accounts for 80% of the total plasticizer in China at present, which is questioned for its persistent reproductive toxicity and regulatory limitations. Compared with other environmentally friendly and bio-based plasticizers for PVC, vegetable oil-based plasticizers have many advantages, such as plenty available resource of raw materials, low price and versatility. Various vegetable oil-based plasticizers for PVC, such as epoxidized vegetable oil(epoxide fatty acid ester), C22-triacid ester, fatty acid polyesters, sulfur-containing fatty acid esters, glycerol ester, vegetable oil based polyester and flame retardant vegetable oil-based plasticizer, have been synthesized by modifying the unsaturated double bonds, conjugated double bonds, ester groups, hydrogen on ester-linked β-carbon, hydroxyl and carboxyl using the methods of epoxidation, esterification, transesterification, polycondensation, Diels-Alder reaction, chlorination, ring opening and double bond addition chemical reactions, etc. It is also included process conditions and performance of the vegetable oil-based plasticizers. The effects of chemical structure of the vegetable oil-based plasticizer on the plasticity, precipitation resistance, cold resistance and thermal stability of PVC materials and its application in some special materials are investigated in this study. It is reported that the epoxy vegetable oil-based plasticizers are the most popular ones. Soybean oil and palm oil are the main raw materials for the current research. Since the research on plasticizing mechanism for vegetable oil-based plasticizers is still insufficient, this study explored the chemical synthesis and application of vegetable oil-based plasticizers. Compared with other developed countries in the world, the species of oil-based plasticizers are limited and lower yield in China. Epoxy and chlorinated oil-based plasticizers are relatively mature products, and the focus of the research is to develop a green synthesis process. It is suggested that the future study should be focused on other types of oil-based plasticizers not only in terms of structural design and process development, but also their application research in specific products. In view of the domestic situation, it is recommended to focus on developing non edible oils with large production scale and low prices to promote the development of industrial production.


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收稿日期:2019-06-04 修回日期:2019-08-25
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(31700503); 江苏省自然科学基金(BK20170160); 国家重点研发计划(2018YFD0600402)。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-12-10