[1]闫小星,常意娟,钱星雨.变色油墨对杉木表面水性底漆性能影响[J].林业工程学报,2020,5(01):178-181.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.201902022]
 YAN Xiaoxing,CHANG Yijuan,QIAN Xingyu.Influence of color-changing ink on properties of waterborne primer coating on Chinese fir surface[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2020,5(01):178-181.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.201902022]
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变色油墨对杉木表面水性底漆性能影响()
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《林业工程学报》[ISSN:1001-8081/CN:32-1160/S]

卷:
5
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
178-181
栏目:
家具制造工程
出版日期:
2020-01-07

文章信息/Info

Title:
Influence of color-changing ink on properties of waterborne primer coating on Chinese fir surface
文章编号:
2096-1359(2020)01-0178-04
作者:
闫小星常意娟钱星雨
南京林业大学家居与工业设计学院,南京 210037
Author(s):
YAN Xiaoxing CHANG Yijuan QIAN Xingyu
College of Furnishings and Industrial Design, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
关键词:
杉木 变色油墨 底漆 漆膜性能
Keywords:
Chinese fir color-changing ink primer coating film performance
分类号:
S781.61
DOI:
10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.201902022
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
变色油墨是指在温度升高或降低时,所印刷的图文信息能够根据不同的温度而表现出不同颜色效果的油墨。以杉木板为基材,以木器水性底漆为漆基,添加变色油墨制成感温可逆变色水性涂料,对漆膜的光学性能、力学性能、耐液性能进行测试,并对其微观结构和红外光谱进行分析,探究杉木表面水性底漆漆膜综合性能最佳的变色油墨含量。研究结果表明:变色油墨含量(质量分数)为15%时漆膜变色性能较佳,且颗粒分布均匀,团聚较少; 变色油墨含量20%的漆膜光泽度最高; 变色油墨含量对漆膜附着力无影响,对漆膜抗冲击力影响不大,对漆膜耐液等级无影响; 变色油墨含量对漆膜成分无影响。试验结果表明,变色油墨含量为15%时杉木表面水性底漆漆膜综合性能最佳。变色漆膜的变色机理为甲基红受热释放电子,双酚A接受电子发生颜色变化,待温度降至30 ℃左右后又恢复到初始颜色,但仍然具有变色功能,并且可反复变色。
Abstract:
The color-changing ink refers to the ink which can display different color effects according to different temperatures. The color-changing ink belongs to organic chromogenic system. In this paper, the temperature-sensitive and reversible color-changing wood products were prepared using the Chinese fir board as the substrate, waterborne wood primer as the paint base and waterborne color-changing ink paint as surface coating. The optical properties, mechanical properties and liquid resistance of the paint film were tested, and its microstructure and infrared spectrum were analyzed. The best color-changing ink content of waterborne primer film on Chinese fir substrate was explored. The results showed that the film with 15% content of the color-changing ink had better discoloration performance, and the particles were evenly distributed and less agglomerated. When the same amount of color-changing ink was added, the gloss of the primer film increased with the increase of the incident angle. Under the light of the same incident angle, the gloss of the primer film changed irregularly with the increase of the color-changing ink content, but the change was not significant. The gloss of paint film with 20% color-changing ink content was the highest. The adhesion level of primer film with 0-30% color-changing ink content was 0, and the adhesion was good. The content of color-changing ink had no effect on the adhesion of primer film. The content of color-changing ink had slight effect on the impact resistance of primer film. The content of color-changing ink had no effect on the liquid resistance of primer film. Through the analysis of infrared spectrum components, the content of color-changing ink had no effect on the composition of paint film. The test results showed that the waterborne primer film on the surface of Chinese fir had the best comprehensive performance when the content of color-changing ink was 15%. The mechanism of discoloration was that when the methyl red was heated to release electrons, bisphenol A accepted electrons and changed color. When the temperature dropped to about 30 ℃, the color-changing ink paint restored to its original color, while it still had the function of discoloration and could change color repeatedly. The study of color-changing materials will provide a foundation for the application of the color-changing coatings in the wood furniture industry.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-02-28 修回日期:2019-05-03
基金项目:江苏省自然科学基金(BK20150887); 江苏省高校自然科学研究项目(14KJB220007)。
作者简介:闫小星,女,副教授,研究方向为变色涂料。E-mail:yanxiaoxing@njfu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-12-10