[1]朱晓冬,保碧娇,李阳,等.温敏变色粉对木质家具表面漆膜性能的影响[J].林业工程学报,2020,5(02):171-178.[doi:10.13360/ j.issn.2096-1359.201904007]
 ZHU Xiaodong,BAO Bijiao,LI Yang,et al.Effect of thermochromic materials on finishing properties of wood furniture[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2020,5(02):171-178.[doi:10.13360/ j.issn.2096-1359.201904007]
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温敏变色粉对木质家具表面漆膜性能的影响()
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《林业工程学报》[ISSN:1001-8081/CN:32-1160/S]

卷:
5
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
171-178
栏目:
家具制造工程
出版日期:
2020-03-11

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of thermochromic materials on finishing properties of wood furniture
文章编号:
2096-1359(2020)02-0171-08
作者:
朱晓冬保碧娇李阳王巍聪刘玉*
东北林业大学生物质材料科学与技术教育部重点实验室,哈尔滨 150040
Author(s):
ZHU Xiaodong BAO Bijiao LI Yang WANG Weicong LIU Yu*
Key Laboratory of Bio-Based Material Science and Technology(Ministry of Education), Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
关键词:
温敏变色 漆膜性能 涂饰 木质家具 装饰性能
Keywords:
thermochromic property of films painting wooden furniture decorative performance
分类号:
TS657
DOI:
10.13360/ j.issn.2096-1359.201904007
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
将温敏变色粉应用到木质家具涂料中,分析温敏变色粉的加入对涂饰后家具表面的色差、漆膜附着力和漆膜光泽度的影响,可以进一步发展智能响应材料在木质家具中的应用,得到与传统涂饰方法不同的装饰效果。结果表明:室温条件下,温敏变色粉的加入,使得涂饰木材表面的材色发生变化,色差显著增加。升高温度至温敏变色粉响应温度后,添加3%~10%温敏红和3%温敏蓝的清漆涂饰木材表面材色发生消色现象,色差值降低,表面材色恢复至与未添加温变粉的涂饰木材表面材色相近的状态; 扫描电镜下观察温敏蓝和温敏红两种类型的变色粉微囊外观形态良好,表面较为光滑,多为球形结构,温敏蓝微胶囊的平均粒径为3.94 μm,温敏红微胶囊的平均粒径为3.27 μm。而在清漆中添加温敏变色粉后,漆膜表面变得粗糙,随着温敏变色粉添加比例的上升,漆膜表面出现了颗粒的团聚。而在油性清漆中添加温敏变色粉时,涂饰漆膜表面的粗糙感并没有水性漆漆膜明显。添加3%比例的温敏变色粉对涂饰木材的漆膜附着力和光泽度并未产生显著性影响; 涂饰木材的表面材色表现出良好的变色耐久性。
Abstract:
The application of thermochromic powder in wood furniture painting was investigated. The influence of thermochromic powder on the surface color difference, film adhesion and glossiness of furniture after painting was analyzed. The application of intelligent response material in wood furniture could be further developed, resulting in the excellent decorative effect that was different from the traditional painting method. The results showed that the microcapsules of thermochromic powder had good appearance, smooth surface, mostly spherical structure, no obvious cracks on the surface and good dispersion. By measuring the size and distribution of the microcapsules, it was found that the size range of the microcapsules was 1.44-7.95 μm with the average size of 3.94 μm, and the size distribution of the microcapsules was 0.97-8.71 μm with the average size of 3.27 μm. At room temperature, the addition of thermochromic powder can change the color of wood coated with paint and increase the color difference significantly. When the temperature increased to the response temperature of the thermochromic powder, the color of the wood surface coated with 3%-10% thermochromic red and 3% thermochromic blue paint would fade, the color difference would decrease, and the color of the wood surface could return to the same state as that of the wood surface coated with paint without thermochromic powder. When 3% thermochromic powder was added to the paint, the surface of varnish film without temperature sensitive discoloration powder was relatively flat, and there was no obvious granular impurity. However, the surface of the paint film became rough after the temperature sensitive color changing powder was added to the varnish, which was the most obvious change in the water-based paint film. It can be seen that the temperature sensitive color changing powder and the water-based paint cannot be well compatible. With the increase of the proportion of the temperature sensitive color changing powder, the surface of the paint film appeared particle agglomeration. However, when the temperature sensitive color changing powder was added to the oil varnish, the surface roughness of the paint film was not obvious as that of the water paint film. Even when the temperature sensitive color changing powder was added to 15%, there was no obvious agglomeration and adhesion, which was related to the existence of lipophilic groups on the surface of the temperature sensitive color changing powder, so that it can be well dispersed and compatible in the oil varnish. The film adhesion and glossiness had no significant effect, and the surface color of the coated wood showed good discoloration durability.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-04-02 修回日期:2019-11-13
基金项目:黑龙江省自然科学基金(C2017002); 东北林业大学大学生创新训练项目(201910225159)。
作者简介:朱晓冬,男,副教授,研究方向为家具材料。通信作者:刘玉,女,副教授。E-mail:liuyu820524@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-10