[1]朱灿灿,田亚玲,曹福亮*,等.干旱胁迫对银杏叶类黄酮年动态变化的影响[J].林业工程学报,2010,24(04):67-71.
 ZHU Can can,TIAN Ya ling,CAO Fu liang,et al.Effects of drought stress on annual dynamic change of flavonoid contents in Ginkgo biloba leaves[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2010,24(04):67-71.
点击复制

干旱胁迫对银杏叶类黄酮年动态变化的影响 ()
分享到:

《林业工程学报》[ISSN:2096-1359/CN:32-1862/S]

卷:
24
期数:
2010年04期
页码:
67-71
栏目:
应用研究
出版日期:
2010-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of drought stress on annual dynamic change of flavonoid contents in Ginkgo biloba leaves
作者:
朱灿灿田亚玲曹福亮*汪贵斌
(南京林业大学森林资源与环境学院,南京210037)
Author(s):
ZHU Cancan TIAN Yaling CAO Fuliang WANG Guibin
College of Forest Resources and Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, 210037 Nanjing, China
关键词:
银杏干旱胁迫黄酮
Keywords:
Ginkgo biloba L. drought stress flavonoid
摘要:
以2年生银杏盆栽实生苗为研究材料,通过人工模拟干旱胁迫环境,探索4个干旱胁迫(土壤含水量分别为田间持水量的75%~80%、55%~60%、40%~45%和30%~35%)对银杏叶黄酮类物质及其季节变化的影响。结果表明:干旱胁迫下,生长季节不同,银杏叶内槲皮素、山柰酚、异鼠李素以及总黄酮含量具有显著差异,4月份萌芽初期和7月初,黄酮类物质含量处于较高水平。适度干旱可以促进银杏黄酮类物质的合成,尤其中度干旱,即土壤相对含水量为田间持水量40%~45%时,有利于叶内黄酮类物质的合成。考虑到叶产量、叶黄酮含量以及采叶与采时的关系等,在实际生产中控制土壤相对含水量达到中度干旱水平,并于7月初及时采收叶片提取黄酮类物质,可以提高黄酮类物质得率,在生产实践中应用。
Abstract:
The effects of drought stress on flavonoid contents of Ginkgo biloba grown in pots at 4 soil moisture levels under greenhouse conditions were investigated. The results showed that there were significant differences in the contents of quercetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin and total flavonoids between different growing seasons. In April (the leaf spreading stage) and early in July, the contents of flavonoid were the highest level throughout the year. Moderate drought stress (soil water contents were 40%~45% of field capacity) could promote the synthesis of flavonoids in leaves. Therefore, controlling soil water content at moderate level (relative water content, 40%~45%) and harvest leaves in July would be better managements for obtaining more flavonoids in practical.

参考文献/References:

[1]Jacobs B, Browner W. Ginkgo biloba: a living fossil [J]. The American Journal of Medicine, 2000, 108(4):341-342.
[2]Kuddus R,Oakes J, Sharp C. Isolation of medically important fungi from Ginkgo biloba leaves and crude ginkgo supplements [J]. The Internet Journal of Microbiology, 2008, 5(2): 256-258.
[3]王华田,孙明高,崔明刚,等.土壤水分状况对苗期银杏生长及生理特性影响的研究[J].山东农业大学学报:自然科学版, 2000(1):74-78.
[4]冷平生,苏淑钗,李月华,等.施肥与干旱胁迫对银杏生长及黄酮苷和萜类内酯含量的影响[J].北京农学院学报, 2001,16(1):32-37.
[5]景茂. 银杏对干旱胁迫的响应 [D].南京:南京林业大学,2005.
[6]谢宝东. 影响银杏叶有效成分黄酮、内酯含量相关因素的研究[D].泰安:山东农业大学,2002.
[7]Hsiao T. Plant response to water stress [J]. Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 1973, 24:519-570.
[8]中华人民共和国药典委员会.中华人民共和国药典(2005年版)一部[M].北京:化学工业出版社,2005.
[9]徐文燕,高微微,何春年.环境因子对植物黄酮类化合物生物合成的影响[J].世界科学技术:中医药现代化,2006,8(6):68-72.
[10]孙君明,韩粉霞.植物次生代谢产物异黄酮的调控机理[J].西南农业学报,2005(5):663-667.
[11]Hernandez I,Alegre L,Munnebosch S.Droughtinduced changes in flavonoids and other low molecular weight antioxidants in Cistus clusii grown under Mediterranean field conditions [J].Tree Physiology,2004,24(11):1303.
[12]Kranner I,Birtic S.A modulating role for antioxidants in desiccation tolerance[J].Integrative and Comparative Biology,2005,45(5):734.
[13]Treutter D.Significance of flavonoids in plant resistance: a review [J].Environmental Chemistry Letters, 2006,4(3):147-157.
[14]Niyogi K,Bjrkman O,Grossman A.The roles of specific xanthophylls in photoprotection[J].Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,1997,94(25):14162.
[15]Niyogi K,Grossman A,Bjorkman O.Arabidopsis mutants define a central role for the xanthophyll cycle in the regulation of photosynthetic energy conversion[J].The Plant Cell Online,1998,10(7):1121.
[16]Tattini M, Galardi C, Pinelli P, et al. Differential accumulation of flavonoids and hydroxycinnamates in leaves of Ligustrum vulgare under excess light and drought stress [J]. New Phytologist, 2004, 163(3): 547-561.
[17]Lobstein A.Seasonal variation of the flavonoid content from Ginkgo biloba leaves[J].Planta Med, 1991, 57:430-433.
[18]Van Beek T A, Lelyreld G P.Concertration of ginkgolides and bilobalide in Ginkgo biloba leaves in relation to the time[J].Plant Med, 1992, 58:413-416.
[19]樊卫国, 刘进平,何珺,等. 银杏叶黄酮、萜内酯含量的季节性变化及适采期研究[J].山地农业生物学报,2000,19(2):117-120.

相似文献/References:

[1]杨玉珍,贾遂民,彭方仁*.干旱胁迫对不同种源香椿苗木生长的影响[J].林业工程学报,2009,23(06):52.
 YANG Yuzhen,JIA Suimin,PENG Fangren.Effects of Drought Stress on Seedling Growth of Toona sinensis from Different Provenances[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2009,23(04):52.
[2]曹兆阳,舒洪岚,俞元春*.氮、磷、钾对银杏幼苗养分吸收及生长的影响[J].林业工程学报,2009,23(06):108.
 CAO Zhaoyang,SHU Honglan,YU Yuanchun.Effects of N, P, K on Nutrient Absorption and Height Growth of Ginkgo biloba Seedling[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2009,23(04):108.
[3]陈颖,曹福亮,徐彩平,等.5个银杏品种无菌苗不同部位激素含量比较[J].林业工程学报,2010,24(02):41.
 CHEN Ying,CAO Fu liang,XU Cai ping,et al.Comparison of Hormone Contents among Different Position Disected from Tissue Cultured Shoots of Five Elite Varieties of Ginkgo biloba[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2010,24(04):41.
[4]冷寒冰,王福升*.银杏-鹅毛竹复层林光照和根系种间的竞争[J].林业工程学报,2010,24(06):52.
 LENG Han bing,WANG Fu sheng.Competition for light and root space between components in the secondary forest of Ginkgo biloba and Shibataea chinensis[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2010,24(04):52.
[5]程鹏,陈雷,曹福亮.银杏复合系统小气候日变化特征[J].林业工程学报,2010,24(03):78.
 CHENG Peng,CHEN Lei,CAO Fu liang.Daily variation of microclimate in different Ginkgo biloba agroforestry systems[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2010,24(04):78.
[6]朱灿灿,曹福亮*,汪贵斌,等.干旱胁迫对银杏叶萜内酯年动态变化的影响[J].林业工程学报,2011,25(06):15.
 ZHU Can can,CAO Fu liang,WANG Gui bin,et al.Effects of drought stress on annual dynamic changing pattern of the terpene lactones content in Ginkgo biloba leaves∥[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2011,25(04):15.
[7]佘远国,汪洋,罗国斌.银杏品种叶片表型性状的多样性[J].林业工程学报,2012,26(02):54.
 SHE Yuan guo,WANG Yang,LUO Guo bin.Diversity of leaf phenotypic traits among Ginkgo biloba varities[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2012,26(04):54.
[8]郝蓬莱,张金平,韩新英,等.干旱胁迫对麻栎无性系蒸腾作用的影响[J].林业工程学报,2012,26(03):62.
 HAO Peng lai,ZHANG Jin ping,HAN Xin ying,et al.Effect on transpiration among Quercus acutissima clones under drought stress[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2012,26(04):62.
[9]陈平,万福绪*,顾汤华,等.干旱胁迫下侧柏、苦楝等树种的生理生化响应及抗旱性评价[J].林业工程学报,2012,26(04):43.
 CHEN Ping,WAN Fu xu,GU Tang hua,et al.Physiological and biochemical response and drought tolerance evaluation on five tree species under drought stress[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2012,26(04):43.
[10]赵进红,冯殿齐*,王玉山,等.银杏古树复壮技术[J].林业工程学报,2013,27(02):109.
 ZHAO Jin hong,FENG Dian qi,WANG Yu shan,et al.Study on rejuvenation technique for ancient ginkgo trees[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2013,27(04):109.

更新日期/Last Update: 2011-01-19