[1]蒋建新,唐蒙△,韩明会.罗望子木葡聚糖结构、凝胶性质及应用研究进展[J].林业工程学报,2020,5(06):11-19.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.202004003]
 JIANG Jianxin,TANG Meng,HAN Minghui.Research progress of the structure, gel property and application of tamarind xyloglucan[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2020,5(06):11-19.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.202004003]
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罗望子木葡聚糖结构、凝胶性质及应用研究进展()
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《林业工程学报》[ISSN:2096-1359/CN:32-1862/S]

卷:
5
期数:
2020年06期
页码:
11-19
栏目:
专论综述
出版日期:
2020-11-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research progress of the structure, gel property and application of tamarind xyloglucan
文章编号:
2096-1359(2020)06-0011-09
作者:
蒋建新唐蒙△韩明会
北京林业大学材料科学与技术学院,林业生物质材料与能源教育部工程研究中心,北京100083
Author(s):
JIANG JianxinTANG Meng△ HAN Minghui
College of Material Science and Technology, MOE Engineering Research Center of Forestry Biomass Materials and Bioenergy, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
关键词:
罗望子木葡聚糖结构凝胶性能食品医药纤维素改性
Keywords:
Tamarindus indica L. xyloglucan structure gel property food medicine cellulose modification
分类号:
TS201.7
DOI:
10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.202004003
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
罗望子树经济价值高,果实酸甜可口,种子中木葡聚糖含量高达60%。罗望子木葡聚糖是目前已经可商业化量产的木葡聚糖(XG),具有独特的流变性质和胶凝性能,以及良好的黏膜黏附性能,其较低的成本相比其他多糖更具开发优势。在食品领域,XG是优质的膳食纤维和食品添加剂。通过酶法部分去除侧链的XG能形成特殊的温敏型凝胶,在医药材料领域具有巨大的发展潜力。XG具有非致癌性、生物相容性、高持药能力、高热稳定性及抗炎特性等特点,在黏膜保护、药物缓释以及伤口敷料等领域具有良好的应用价值,其在医药领域中的应用更是当前XG的研究热点。此外,罗望子木葡聚糖与纤维素具有天然的高亲和力,已广泛应用于纤维素改性中。由于XG结构特殊且复杂,因此有关其高分子精细结构以及结构与性质关系的研究尚不深入。笔者首先详细介绍了罗望子木葡聚糖的结构和性质研究现状及独特的凝胶性能;其次,对罗望子木葡聚糖在食品、医药、纤维素改性等领域的应用研究进展进行了概述;最后分析了罗望子木葡聚糖研究中的不足,并探讨了其进一步的研究与应用发展前景。
Abstract:
Tamarindus indica L. has high economic value, and is widely distributed around the world, especially in India, Bangladesh, Thailand and Indonesia in Asia. Tamarind can produce pods of 150-300 kg per plant, and the fruiting period can be more than 200 years. The fruit is famous for its sweet and sour taste, and the content of xyloglucan in its seed is up to 60%. At present, Tamarind xyloglucan (XG) is a kind of xyloglucan that can be commercially produced in large quantities. It has unique rheological properties, gelation properties and distinguished mucosal adhesion properties. In the food field, it is high quality dietary fiber and food additives (as artificial stabilizers, thickeners, and gelling agents). Xyloglucan has advantages of noncarcinogenicity, biocompatibility, high drugholding capacity, high thermal stability and antiinflammatory, therefore can be used as drug delivery carrier and wound dressing in the medical field. In vitro experiments and clinical studies have shown that the XG mucosal protective agents have good therapeutic effects on gastrointestinal diseases, urinary tract infections, nasal respiratory diseases and dry eyes. In addition, by enzymatically removing partial side chains, the degalactosylated XG can form unique thermoresponsive gel, and was developed as biodegradable and injectable thermoreversible XG based hydrogel for prevention of postoperative adhesion and was considered for the potential medical applications. Its application in the field of medicine is the current research hotspot of XG. Moreover, XG exhibits strong affinity to cellulose, and has been widely used in cellulose modification. XG is also an effective inducer of plant antitoxin. It can be used as a biological insecticide to reduce the wilt of crops caused by pathogens, so as to promote plant growth, therefore has potential application value in agriculture. The use of natural materials instead of petroleumbased materials is of great significance to the sustainable development of society. XG has unique performance, and the industrial chain of which has been completed in foreign countries. Importantly, its production cost is lower, so it has more development advantages than other polysaccharides. Due to the special and complex structure of XG, studies on the fine structure and the relationship between structure and properties of XG polymers have not been carried out indepth. In this review, the structure and properties of XG and its unique gel properties were firstly introduced in detail, and the application research progress of XG in the fields of food, medicine and cellulose modification was summarized. Finally, the deficiencies in the study of XG were analyzed, and the prospects of further research and applications of XG were discussed.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-04-03? ? 修回日期:2020-08-18? ? ??
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(31670579)。
作者简介:蒋建新,男,教授,研究方向为多糖材料改性及利用。唐蒙为共同第一作者。E-mail: jiangjx@bjfu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-11-09